Volcanoes in Ecuador

Volcanoes in Ecuador

Volcanoes in Ecuador
Geotours | Adventure Travel Tour Agency in Baños Ecuador since 1991
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Volcanoes in Ecuador | Geotours | Adventure Travel Tour Agency in Baños Ecuador since 1991

The volcanic zone of Ecuador is very variable and extensive, most of the volcanoes are located in the northern part of the Andes mountain range.

For years the volcanoes have maintained a moderate activity with slight eruptions expelling a little ash. Despite that, at any time they can wake up, the eruptive activity causing great damage.

The Andes mountain range crosses South America from north to south, Ecuador is located on the equator. This mountain range is divided into 2 mountain ranges, precisely in Ecuador, generating an avenue of volcanoes with spectacular landscapes located between a western and an eastern mountain range of 2,500 and 3,000 meters above sea level.

  Foto Volcanoes in Ecuador

To date, 27 potentially active volcanoes have been recorded in Ecuador, including the volcanoes of the Galapagos Islands. Of these, seven continental volcanoes (Cayambe, Reventador, Guagua Pichincha, Cotopaxi, Tungurahua, Sangay and Potrerillos-Chacana) and seven Galapagos volcanoes (Marchena, Cerro Azul, Fernandina, Santo Tomás/Volcán Chico, Alcedo, Darwin and Wolf) have had eruptions in historical times, that is, since the year 1532. As volcanology studies advance in Ecuador, it is possible that the number of volcanoes classified as "potentially active" will grow.


The Ecuadorian volcanoes were divided by the EPN Geophysical Institute according to the years of their last eruption. There are several volcanoes that had major eruptions in the last 7,000 years in Ecuador, with a Volcanic Index or IEV of 4 and 6 points.

  Foto Volcanoes in Ecuador

List of volcanoes that have erupted at least once during the last 500 years:

  1. Cotopaxi (highest active volcano in the world 5897m)
  2. Cayambe (last eruption 1786)
  3. Pichincha (last eruption 1999)
  4. Chacana (last eruption 1773)
  5. Sumaco (last eruption 1933)

List of volcanoes that were in the process of erupting in the last years:

  1. Tungurahua (last eruption 2014)
  2. Sangay (last eruption 2007)
  3.  Reventador (last eruption 2007)

List of active volcanoes located in the Galapagos Islands:

  1. Marchene
  2. Blue hill
  3. Fernandina
  4. Santo Tomas/Volcano Chic
  5.  Moose
  6. Darwin
  7. Wolf


Extra information:

Predicting a volcanic eruption is almost impossible, so you always have to be prepared and aware of the news, and remember that they are natural phenomena.

When the volcanoes begin to be active, safe refuge areas are set up in case of a possible eruption.

In case of being near the volcanoes, before a possible eruption, it is recommended to leave the place.

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